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ARS currency on Forex market
Facts about Argentinean currency - Argentine peso, or ARS currency on forex market.
Fact 1 - The law that re-established the gold standard requiring to supply all new liabilities with 100 percent gold reserves known as Caja de Conversion, conduit for uncovered paper money has passed in 1899 in Argentina while the entire system started working in 1902.
This currency began very fast development and starting from 1913 started its expansion throughout the world. Such regions as Africa, Oceania, the Middle East, the Caribbean and East Asia have created the currency boards while Argentina and South America had it.
The fears of Argentina government of a possibility for gold leakage to the countries having the gold standard suspended forced it to hold the system up as soon as at the beginning of the First World War. The currency board re-establishment in 1927 to 1929 and its following suspending in 192 caused the collapse of the investments to Argentina from abroad due to the stock market crash all over the world. The necessity of the system withholding seems uncertain by Hanke of 1995 as far as the Caja's and commercial banks' gold supplies were rather high.
The monetary authorities suffer pressure of currency boards like of the classical gold standard. Still the monetary authorities traverse among these pressures. The authorities seem to maneuver following the limitations of the board-like system of the currency of Argentina taking into consideration its latest processes. The monetary authorities made lots of attempts to establish the system of absolutely fixed rates, Argentina's rule-bound, but they were unsuccessful due to the annoying pressured described above.
Fact 2 - Argentina have created a currency broad system that was toughly tied with the dollar at the parity one-for-one. Argentinean government has relied on this system thinking that it would preserve its economy from any negative affection caused by a Mexican crisis. Practically they made sure that the crises offered by the canonical crisis model had no effect on Argentina. Another hope was that if there were not any trade relationships with Mexico then no harmful processes can spread. Though the currency has suffered a number of speculative attacks aimed at the unemployment rate reduction in Argentina as a consequence of the currency board disappearing.
Fact 3 - Before the July/August of 2001 the economy of Argentina used to be in periodical crises within 20-30 years. As much as eight plans of economy stabilization and a number of various reforms were held these years to defeat the hyperinflation and make the currency stable. The "dollarization" of the economy took place in Argentina by the late 1980s because of failure of any economy stabilization efforts. The Argentineans started losing any confidence in their national currency that caused transactions conversion into dollars. The prospective of the U.S. dollar losing its worthiness threatens to the American people either.
Fact 4 - The artificially supported exchange rate regimes, Asian ones particularly, have gained the momentum and preceded the 2002 currency crisis in Argentina. After the crisis in that region in 1997 the countries started a research aimed to find out whether any external measures can prevent such crisis repetition. The regional liquidity increase was the first attempt of the developing institution to make such kind of precautions and the further ones were aimed at the greater monetary policy. The currency board regime was set up in Argentina on the April 1, 1991 to exist until January 6, 2002 . This regime has created one for one artificial attachment of the Argentine peso to the U.S. dollar. According to Hanke and Schuler, 2002, this regime has not been an adequate currency board. There are three main criteria: the anchor currency must have a fixed exchange rate defined by the board; it must be entirely convertible that means that the anchor currency should be exchanged into or out of any currencies freely; the currency board must have a strong supplies with the stable assets, a foreign currency for instance.